印度教 Hinduism

With a noble soul,
one devotes himself to bringing happiness and peace to others,
including those who once hurt him.

– Hinduism

 

Hinduism

The original name of Hinduism is ‘Sanathana Dharma’ meaning ‘The Eternal Truth. The term ‘Hinduism’ is used to describe that the followers originated from the region of the Indus River and the Indus Valley civilisation (3300-1700 BC). It has no known founder and is a conglomerate of diverse beliefs and ideas, with one basis for being united – all its beliefs originate from the Vedas. Hinduism is considered the world’s oldest religion and has about a billion followers. It focuses on self-improvement with the general aim of attaining first hand spiritual experiences, and it recognises that there are several methods (yogas) for reaching the goals.

Hinduism relies on the concept of Brahman and Atman (spirit or soul, the true ‘Self’ of every person). Hindus worship celestial entities called Devas (the shining ones), and the particular de- ity worshipped as one’s chosen ideal is a matter of individual preference and needs, influenced by regional and family traditions. They believe in Karma, Samsara and Moksha.

◎  Karma, the moral law of cause and effect, relates to reincarnation, notions of free will and destiny.

◎  Escaping the world of Samsara (cycle of birth, death and rebirth) through Moksha is believed to ensure lasting peace and happiness.

◎  Moksha, the ultimate goal of life also re- ferred to as nirvana, is described as reali- sation of the unity of all existence.

◎ It is based on the accumulated treasury of spiritual laws discovered by different per- sons in different times.

The scriptures were initially transmitted orally, and later written in the Sanksrit language. The scriptures are collectively referred to as Shastras and are classified into two classes: Shruti and Smriti.

◎ The Shruti (that which is heard) or received through revelations consists of four Vedas (books) –Rig-, Sāma- Yajus- and Atharva-. The RigVeda is considered the most important.

◎ The Smriti (that which is remembered) or traditions consist of all texts that are not Shruti, and include the Upanishads, Mahabharata and the Ramayana, Bhagavad Gita and Hindu Āgamas.

 

印度教

印度教的原始名是“桑拿沙納”,佛法意思是“永恆的真理”。“印度教” (公元前3300-1700)起源於印度河流域和印度河谷文明,它沒有已知的創始人,它為了團結,據有不同的信仰和想法的追隨者,以這一個基礎團結團體 所有的信仰來自於吠陀的教導。

印度教被認為是世界的最古老的宗教信仰,有大約十億的追隨者,它側重於一般的自我完善,實現自我的精神經驗的目的,並有幾種方法,比如(瑜伽)達成目標。

印度教依付於婆羅門的概念,阿特曼(精神或靈魂,真正的“自我”人)。印度教徒崇拜天體其被稱為Devas(閃亮的),而因這個影響,他們依其區域家庭傳統和個人的偏好和需求,來選擇崇拜特定的神,他們相信這是作為一個人的理想 這是一件影響很大的事。

他們相信Karma,Samsara和Moksha。
◎因果關係的道德規範,涉及輪迴,和自由意志的命運和概念
◎逃避三面世界(週期:出生,死亡和重生)通過相信莫沙確保永久和平
幸福。
◎莫沙,生命的終極目標也是指為涅槃,被描述為實現終極圓滿存在的回歸。